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Coimbatore, sometimes abbreviated as Kovai, is one of the major metropolises in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the banks of the Noyyal River and is surrounded by the Western Ghats. Coimbatore is the second largest city in Tamil Nadu after Chennai in terms of population and the 16th largest urban agglomeration in India as per the 2011 census. It is the administrative capital of Coimbatore district and is administered by the Coimbatore Municipal Corporation , which was founded in 1981. .
The region around Coimbatore was ruled by the Cheras during the Sangam period between the 1st and 4th centuries AD. and served as the eastern gateway to Palakkad Gap, the main trade route between the west coast and Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore was located along the ancient Rajakesari Peruvazhi trade route that stretched from Muziris to Arikamedu in South India. The medieval Cholas conquered Kongu Nadu in the 10th century AD. The region was ruled by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century, followed by the Nayaks who introduced the Palayakkarar system, dividing the Kongu Nadu region into 24 Palayams. In the latter part of the 18th century, the Coimbatore region came under the Kingdom of Mysore and after the defeat of Tipu Sultan in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the British East India Company annexed Coimbatore to the Madras Presidency in 1799. The Coimbatore region played a prominent role in the Second Poligar War (1801), when this was the area of operations of Dheeran Chinnamalai.

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