Jaipur, formerly Jeypore, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. As of 2011, the city has a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country. Located 268 km from the national capital, New Delhi, Jaipur is also called the Pink City due to the dominant color scheme of its buildings.
Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Sawai Jai Singh, the ruler of Amer, after whom the city is named. It is one of the first planned cities of modern India, designed by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. During the British colonial period, the city was the capital of the state of Jaipur. After India's independence in 1947, Jaipur became the capital of the newly formed state of Rajasthan in 1949.
Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and, along with Delhi and Agra, forms part of the western Golden Triangle tourist circuit. The city acts as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan and has two World Heritage Sites: Amer Fort and Jantar Mantar. On July 6, 2019, the city was included in the list of World Heritage Cities.
Jaipur was founded on November 18, 1727 by the Kachhwaha Rajput ruler, Jai Singh II, who ruled the region from 1699 to 1743. He planned to move his capital from Amber, 11 kilometers (7 mi), to Jaipur to accommodate the growing population and growing food shortages. water.Jai Singh consulted with several architects in planning the layout of Jaipur and established the city according to the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra under the architectural guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. Construction of the town began in 1726. During the reign of Sawai Ram Singh II, the town was painted pink in 1876 to welcome Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. Many of the avenues are still painted pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive look and the nickname Pink City.

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